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CUADRILLA’S FRACKING APPEAL FOR ROSEACRE WOODS IS REFUSED BY GOVERNMENT

Roseacre Awareness Group

PRESS RELEASE

CUADRILLA’S FRACKING APPEAL FOR ROSEACRE WOODS IS REFUSED BY GOVERNMENT

12 February 2018

For immediate release

Today, James Brokenshire, the Secretary of State for Communities announced his decision to refuse Cuadrilla’s appeal to frack for shale gas at Roseacre Wood in Lancashire.

Cuadrilla’s proposals on fracking for shale gas in the heart of rural Fylde, might have required an associated 15,000 journeys of the largest HGVs possible without special license – 44-tonne, six-axle juggernauts –  not including all other site traffic, on narrow and winding country lanes used by large numbers of of walkers, cyclists, horse riders, farm vehicles, livestock and commuters.

Chair of Roseacre Awareness Group, Barbara Richardson, said:

“We are absolutely delighted that the Secretary of State has seen sense and rejected Cuadrilla’s appeal.

“Roseacre Wood was always a totally unsuitable location for an industry of this nature; a fact recognised by local residents, our parish, town, borough and county councils and even our two Conservative MPs. It is a clear endorsement for local authorities to be the appropriate decision making bodies for shale gas exploration applications.

“It has been a long and costly process, causing much stress and anxiety, but is a testament to all those who worked tirelessly to protect their community from an unwanted, unproven and inappropriate industry which has the potential to destroy huge areas of our rural and agricultural landscape.


“Over 13,000 people objected to the original plans. The community has spent five years, thousands of working hours and tens of thousands of pounds, producing evidence supporting Lancashire County Council’s  decision to refuse planning permission. This has caused considerable stress and anxiety, residents have shown great determination and resilience in trying to protect their communities.


“We do not believe fracking for shale gas, a dirty carbon intensive fossil fuel industry, has any place in our energy mix.  We must encourage and invest in renewable, green energy future for the sake of future generations.

“We are absolutely delighted that at last the government are listening to the community on this occasion and have realised that this industry is not suitable.

“We sincerely hope that Cuadrilla now respect the decision of the Secretary of State and do not attempt to override this decision. If they do, we will continue to fight.”


Susan Holliday, Chair of Preston New Road Action group (PNRAG) said:

“Preston New Road Action Group are delighted that permission has been refused for the Roseacre Site. No community should have to put up with the disruption and anxiety that has been suffered by the residents of Preston New Road for the last two years, so it is great to hear that Cuadrilla will not be progressing a second site.”

 

Helen Rimmer from Friends of the Earth said:

“This is fantastic news which will be a huge relief for local people. It’s also a triumph for the tireless local campaigners who have worked long and hard for this outcome.

“But many other communities across England fracking are still fighting fracking – the government must also listen to them and say no to this dirty and unwanted industry.

“With scientists warning that there is so little time left to get on top of climate change, it’s clearer than ever that the future lies in clean, renewable energy.”

 

ENDS

LATEST GOVERNMENT SURVEY SHOWS OPPOSITION TO FRACKING HAS INCREASED WHILE SUPPORT FOR THE EXTREME TECHNIQUE HAS DROPPED

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

07 FEBRUARY 2019

In another blow to the fracking industry, today’s 28th Wave Tracker from the Department of Business, Energy and Industry’s (BEIS) Quarterly Tracker on Public Attitudes was released, showing increased opposition to fracking, while support for the extraction technique has plummeted again.

Key points to note include:

– a 4% increase in opposition to fracking – 35%, up from 31% in September 2018’s tracker

– a 3% drop in support for fracking – just 13%, down from 15% in the last survey. This is the lowest level of support since the tracker began, with 13% support recorded in 2017

– 40% of respondents cited the risk of earthquakes as a strong reason to oppose fracking.

Support for fracking has dropped since the tracker began in 2014,down from a peak of 29% in March 2014, whereas opposition to shale gas has polled above 30% since March 2016

Public opinion for this poll has clearly been impacted by the 57 seismic events at Cuadrilla’s Preston New Road site, with 40% of respondents citing earthquake risk as a key reason to oppose fracking – this was a dramatic increase, up from 26% in September 2018.

62% of respondents said that loss or destruction of the natural environment was a strong reason to oppose fracking.

Daniel Carey-Dawes, Infrastructure Policy Manager at the Campaign to Protect Rural England, said:

“The government has today met its obligation to protect our environment and the public, by refusing to entertain the desperate calls by industry for a relaxation of regulations on seismic activity as a result of fracking.

‘It must now take this damning evidence that fracking does not have the support of the public into consideration as it makes its decision on proposals to fast-track fracking. Perusing this plan would defy local democracy and remove the voices of local communities in decisions over fracking proposals in their area.”

A spokesperson for Frack Free Lancashire said:

“The increased opposition to fracking and drop in support comes as no surprise, considering the large number of seismic events which have been experienced since fracking resumed on the Fylde Coast. Fracking’s unpopularity will also have been increased by people’s distaste for the fracking companies’ bully boy tactics as they have tried to browbeat government into changing the regulations governing the seismic traffic light system.”

Steve Mason from Frack Free United said:

“How can shareholders or any sensible business keep on backing fracking? To continue forging ahead is beginning to look fanatical and totally irresponsible. Fracking is proving to be economically unviable, the industry cannot operate safely under the very same regulations they helped create.
“Fracking threatens industrial wipeout of some of the UK’s most valuable countryside and has no public support. It’s time for a change of direction. Fracking in our communities is never going to be a strategic winner for this country.”

ENDS

Notes to Editors

1. BEIS Public Attitudes Tracker: Wave 28

 

FRACKING IN LANCASHIRE – THE IMPACTS FOR RESIDENTS'; 9 FEBRUARY 2019, 2-4PM AT RIBBY HALL, WREA GREEN

PRESS RELEASE

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

01 FEBRUARY 2019

On behalf of Concerned Residents of Lancashire, an event has been organised for the 9 February 2019, entitled: Fracking in Lancashire – the Impacts for Residents [1]. The venue is the Woodlands Suite, Ribby Hall, near Wrea Green, PR4 2PR [2] from 14.00-16.00.

The event venue in Wrea Green is close to Cuadrilla’s exploratory hydraulic fracturing site at Preston New Road.

Three keynote speakers will address the event, as well as representatives from the local community groups, followed by a question and answer session. The speakers for the day will be:

  • Sharon Wilson, a Texan resident who worked in the oil & gas industry for over a decade, who now with US environmental group Earthworks [3]. Sharon will share her personal and professional experience on the impacts of fracking. Additionally, she has briefed NATO and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on the impacts of oil and gas extraction.
  • Dr Tim Thornton, a retired GP from Ryedale, on the health implications for residents living near fracking sites.
  • Professor David Smythe [4], Emeritus Professor of Geophysics, University of Glasgow, on the geological situation fracking the Lancashire Bowland shale. Professor Smythe has appeared as an expert witness at several public inquiries on fracking.

Invitations have also been extended to local MPs, all Lancashire county councillors, the Shale Gas Commissioner Natascha Engel, Police and Crime Commissioner Clive Grunshaw, minister for business, energy and industrial strategy Claire Perry MP and shadow secretary of state for international trade, Barry Gardiner.

The community groups will also provide updates on what is happening at the Preston New Road site, the Secretary of State’s decision on the Roseacre Wood appeal and a planning application for Altcar Moss near Formby.

The event is free admission but tickets must be secured via Eventbrite due to limited space available.

ENDS

Notes to Editors:

  1. Eventbrite link – Fracking in Lancashire: The Impacts for Residents
  2. Ribby Hall Village
  3. Earthworks
  4. Professor David Smythe

Fracking In Lancashire – the impacts for residents: an information event

https---cdn.evbuc.com-images-54977681-245868547017-1-original.20190111-101452

 

When: 9 February 2019, 14.00 – 16.00

Where: Ribby Hall, Woodlands Suite, Ribby Road, Wrea Green PR4 2PR. View Map

With fracking commencing at Cuadrilla’s Preston New Road site, and large areas of Lancashire potentially open to shale gas exploration, this event is an opportunity to hear from experts in health, geology and thermography about what fracking could mean for our communities.

As well as short presentations from key speakers there will be an opportunity for a Q&A to ask them what fracking has meant for communities in the USA and what it could mean for you.

Speakers

  • Sharon Wilson, a Texan who worked in the oil & gas industry for over a decade, now with US environmental group Earthworks. Sharon will share her personal and professional experiences on the impacts of fracking. She has briefed NATO and the US. Environmental Protection Agency on the impacts of oil and gas extraction.
  • Dr Tim Thornton, a retired GP from Ryedale, on the health implications for residents living near fracking sites.
  • Professor David Smythe, geologist, on the environmental impacts of fracking the Lancashire Bowland shale.

Updates will be provided by local residents’ groups.

This is a free event. Tickets are available here.

 

TUMBLEWEED AT FLAGSHIP FRACKING SITE AS NO FRACKING OCCURS FOR ALMOST 3 WEEKS

FRACK FREE LANCASHIRE

PRESS RELEASE 

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

22 NOVEMBER 2018

 

As we approach the end of the third week with no fracking at Cuadrilla’s Preston New Road, residents are asking questions about the situation, but Cuadrilla are not offering any answers. Just five weeks into the fracking process, the situation is clearly not what should be expected.

We know from campaigners’ 24-hour observations from outside the site that Cuadrilla fracked for three weeks until 2 November. Between 18 October and 4 November this caused 36 earthquakes, the largest of which was 1.1 Ml and the last one was 0.7Ml. Six of these quakes were recorded by the British Geological Survey as being 0.5Ml or above.

Since 2November, almost three weeks ago, Cuadrilla appears to have stopped fracking at the site. However, there is activity at the site, albeit minimal, usually comprising of staff entering and exiting the site and the odd cherry picker working near the silo tanks.

It has been suggested that, as well as the earthquakes, Cuadrilla is facing problems ranging from further issues with their “impermeable” membrane to problems with their well bore. This uncertainty has led to local MP Mark Menzies requesting an independent investigation into well integrity at the site.

As the coiled tubing has been removed from its tower it is also suggested that Cuadrilla may have abandoned their first well without having been able to inject sufficient fluid or proppant to achieve a commercially acceptable flow of gas.

A spokesperson for Frack Free Lancashire commented:

“Local residents are living in an information vacuum. We can all see that this is not going to plan for Cuadrilla but they are refusing to allay our concerns by providing the community with the relevant facts. Instead, when our representatives on the Community Liaison Group question the regulators, they are fobbed off every time with excuses about “commercial sensitivity”.

“The local and national media are now coming to us looking for answers because Cuadrilla refuse to engage with them. If this is how the industry conducts itself when it is trying to present itself as a responsible operation, then what can we expect when they have all the permissions they need and start on their project of turning Lancashire into “the largest gas field in Western Europe”?”

ENDS

IMMEDIATE MORATORIUM ON FRACKING CALLED FOR, FOLLOWING INCREASING EARTH TREMORS ON THE FYLDE COAST

“Frack Free Lancashire is concerned by the increasing frequency and intensity of seismic events accompanying fracking operations at Preston New Road and is now calling for an immediate moratorium on hydraulic fracturing in the Fylde.

“Eminent geologists have warned that events of the magnitude experienced over the last two weeks could be the precursor to a more major seismic event like those that occurred at Preese Hall in 2011. These caused damage to the wellbore and led to a seven-year interruption for the UK fracking industry.

“The democratic decisions that have been taken by our representatives on fracking, and even the overturning of these decisions by the government were all conducted based on a set of assumptions which presupposed the existence of a tight regulatory framework. This framework included this traffic light system with today’s limits.

“These regulations were put into place explicitly to protect the community and not to make the fracking companies’ job easier and more profitable. The suggestions from Cuadrilla and others in the industry that the regulatory goalposts should be moved simply because they are unable to manage their operations to stay within them is totally unacceptable. If the industry is unviable outside of this existing regulatory framework then they should pack up and leave.

“Our government’s behind the scenes dealings with the industry which seem aimed at weakening the protections suggested by the review into Preese Hall are a further sign that our “gold standard” shale gas regulation is a tawdry imitation of what we have a right to expect. We learned from a leaked letter published in the Guardian that Energy Minister Claire Perry MP, had suggested that “the trigger levels [of the traffic light system] can be adjusted upwards”, which would effectively give carte blanche to the fracking industry to provoke larger, stronger earthquakes, putting communities and even their own fracking equipment in danger.

“We note that Ms Perry was also reported to have had private round-table meetings with the fracking industry, which were not recorded on transparency registers. Today, The Times reports that Cuadrilla are calling for the seismicity trigger levels to be increased, with Francis Egan stating: “We appreciate the requirement for a conservative approach and will follow the traffic light system. That said, we consider that a red light limit of circa 2.0ML [local magnitude] would provide more than adequate assurance that no harm or damage could arise from fracking.”

“A quake of 2.0 Ml is 32 times larger than one at the existing limit of 0.5Ml and 178 times larger in terms of energy release. Such a change would be completely unacceptable to communities and should be rejected out of hand by our regulators, who should also be aware of the advice given by geology expert, Professor Stuart Haszeldine, who stated:

“The practical significance is not whether these tremors are felt at the surface or not, but in the potential to damage the borehole, and the potential to create gas pathways from the shale towards larger faults, towards shallower aquifers, and to the surface.”

“Residents experienced previous property damage from Cuadrilla’s operations in 2011, where an earthquake effectively shut down this industry due to damage to the wellbore which was reported to have led to a loss of integrity.

“With history seeming poised to repeat itself, a moratorium on fracking in the area is the only sensible course of action.”

 

ENDS

NOTES TO THE EDITOR

  1. For further information, please contact admin@frackfreelancashire.org or visit www.frackfreelancashire.org

For further information contact Claire Stephenson claire@write-type.com

 

FRACKING TREMORS ARE NOT “TINY EVENTS”: THEY INDICATE A “CRITICALLY STRESSED” GEOLOGY, SAYS PROFESSOR OF GEOPHYSICS

Cuadrilla temporarily halted fracking at its site in Lancashire after a tremor located near the toe of their lateral well triggered the Seismic Traffic Light system. The seismic activity – around 0.4 local magnitude – was detected on Tuesday afternoon whilst fracking operations were taking place.

Even though it was not felt at the surface, the tremor is classed as an Amber event as part of the UK government’s traffic light system in place for monitoring seismic events during shale gas operations.

These are designed to protect the wellbore from the type of damage experienced seven years ago when fracking at Preese Hall. Cuadrilla has previously dismissed a 0.3 Ml tremor on the basis that it did not occur while pumping.

Emeritus Professor of Geophysics, Professor David Smythe told Frack Free Lancashire today:

“While the tremors induced to date are tiny, nevertheless the traffic-light system of monitoring induced seismicity does state that if a magnitude 0.5 event (or greater) is triggered by fracking, then the injection of hydraulic fluid must stop. But even this scanty piece of legislation has been poorly drafted, since it appears to permit tremors occurring after the end of a period of injection to be discounted.

“Cuadrilla now appears to be arguing that only events triggered during fracking, defined as actual injection of fluid under high pressure, will be counted in the traffic-light system.

“Scientifically, Cuadrilla’s slice-and-dice approach to the overall fracking job in a well is untenable, because there is often a delay between the end of an injection stage and the onset of a triggered event caused by the injection.

“For example, the Cuadrilla-commissioned report into the earthquakes triggered by fracking of shale in the vertical Preese Hall-1 well notes that the two strongest tremors (of magnitudes 2.3 and 1.5) each occurred about 10 hours after the cessation of injection in stages 2 and 4 respectively.

“The injection fluid needs time to seep along a fault zone until such time as enough of the fault has thereby been lubricated. If the shale is critically stressed – that is, it is ready to crack – the fault will slip, causing the earthquake. Cuadrilla was forced to admit that these earthquakes were caused by fracking at Preese Hall-1, although initially it denied any link. Unfortunately for Cuadrilla, all the shale in the Bowland Basin seems to be critically stressed, so the problem won’t simply disappear.”

In a statement, Frack Free Lancashire said:

“Seismicity must be monitored closely around the clock if hydraulic fracturing is allowed to continue in spite of the cluster of tremors we have seen around the toe of Cuadrilla’s well.

“Local residents are rightly concerned by these events and the fact that the traffic light system has had to halt operation just a week into the process. The issue is not whether these events can be felt, but whether they could be precursors to similar events that occurred at Preese Hall in 2011, which led to Cuadrilla’s performance as a licencee being questioned by the then Energy Minister, Charles Hendry.”

The well integrity and safety of what happens underground is beyond anyone’s control, following a seismic event. This risky technology employed by an inexperienced operator is something residents will never support and our strong opposition will continue.”

In parliament this week, during the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) for Shale Gas, Chair Lee Rowley MP stated that the government’s Traffic Light System may only be applicable to Lancashire and not at other sites across the country. And via a letterto Kevin Hollinrake MP from Energy Minister Claire Perry MP, she stated that she would look to relaxing the seismicity trigger levels by adjusting them “upwards”, presumably to benefit the fracking industry.

ENDS

NOTES TO EDITOR

  1. British Geological Survey Earthquakes Around the British Isles in The Last 50 Days.
  2. Small quakes at fracking sites may indicate bigger tremors to come, say Stanford scientists
  3. Professor Smythe is available for interviews. Please contact Claire Stephenson for information.

Contact: Claire Stephenson +44 07929 969664

 

OUTSTANDING SUCCESS AT NATIONAL CLIMATE CRISIS RALLY IN LANCASHIRE – COMMENTS & IMAGES

National Climate Crisis Rally

 

21 OCTOBER 2018

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Yesterday saw upwards of 1,000 people marching together for the National Climate Crisis Rally at Preston New Road, following the week where Cuadrilla began fracking operations and five earth tremors were experienced on the Fylde Coast.

Speakers included Tim Farron MP, Deputy Leader of The Green Party, Amelia Womack and representatives from NGOs, the Trade Unions, along with local and national campaigners. All spoke of the urgent need to take action on climate change and to prevent fracking from gaining a foothold in the UK.

Lib Dem MP Tim Farron said:

“Leaving the EU is nothing to the existential threat to humanity of climate change The most important reason to oppose fracking at this site is that fossil fuels must stay in the ground.”

The Green Party’s deputy leader, Amelia Womack, stated:

“It’s rank hypocrisy that politicians who supported the suffragettes are currently criminalising peaceful protest.

“From the draconian use of injunctions to the wrongful imprisonment of three anti-fracking activists, a sustained attack on the right to protest is making it harder and harder for people to stand up for what is right.”

Estelle Dehon, a barrister who has represented several campaigners in legal challenges against fracking, said:

“I know there have been deep disappointments and there may be more with the law.

“But I firmly believe that the law realises that climate change is an existential threat. There will come a day when the law says no to fossil fuels.”

  Stephen Hall from Greater Manchester Association of Trade Union Councils said:

“It seems crazy to me when we are threatened with catastrophic climate change as the IPCC if say, we don’t act within 12 years, and the same week we’re going in the opposite direction here on the Fylde, in that we’re bringing in another fossil fuel. Something that we don’t need and shouldn’t want as I’ve often said even if it was safe with knobs on, which clearly it isn’t.

“There are much better alternatives at our disposal which would create considerably more jobs that the pitiful few that would likely be generated by fracking.”

The Bakers, Food and Allied Workers Union, who were the first Union to come out against fracking, also attended the Rally.

 Ian Hodson, National President, told the crowds:

“This is our community and when they come for our community, we stand together and fight. We’re a welcoming community and we welcome people from all around the UK and the world.

“But we don’t welcome Cuadrilla. Because what they want to do is put us all at risk. They’re putting thousands of our members’ jobs at risk. There’s over 1000 local people working in the food industry around here and are dependent on a decent water supply. We as people, depend on a decent water supply for food manufacturing and without it, we won’t exist.

“This isn’t an issue about defending jobs: this is an issue about defending the human race.”

A spokesperson for Frack Free Lancashire commented:

“With the IPCC having made clear the existential threat that climate change in general and fracking in particular pose to us all, it was fantastic to see so many people joining together in solidarity for this event. The pledges of support our community has received in recent weeks has been both overwhelming and empowering.

“Cuadrilla caused five tremors in their first week of fracking operations, so the writing is clearly on the wall. It is time for Cuadrilla to pack up and move on because there is no future for them or their industry, either here in Lancashire or anywhere else.”
-ENDS–

NOTES TO EDITOR

  1. IMAGE ATTACHED FROM THE EVENT; ALL ATTRIBUTIONS TO REFRACKTION IF USED. Further images available on request.
  2. 3. In 2015, Lancashire County Council democratically refused planning permission for Cuadrilla’s application to carry out exploratory hydraulic fracturing at Preston New Road, on the Fylde Coast in Lancashire. Cuadrilla subsequently appealed to the Secretary of State, who in October 2016, controversially overturned the local council’s decision and gave Cuadrilla the go-ahead for planning permission. 
  3. Blackpool hit by four earthquakes just days after fracking started again in the area

 

Further information: Claire Stephenson claire@write-type.com

 

Minor earthquake activity detected in Lancashire as Cuadrilla begin fracking once again

19 OCTOBER 2018

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Frack Free Lancashire are deeply concerned to note that shortly after fracking commenced again on the Fylde, there has been an almost immediate recurrence of seismic activity recorded by the British Geological Survey. [1]

The tremors are clustered near Penny Farm, west of the fracturing site, and near where Cuadrilla have indicated that their well terminates. There have only been two other quakes in the vicinity of the site since 51 tremors, including two significant quakes, which led to fracking being stopped in the UK for 7 years.

The three quakes yesterday were stronger than many of the tremors recorded at Preese Hall in 2011. It is too early to say with any certainty whether this activity is a result of fracking or whether we can expect further stronger quakes.

Today, David Smythe, Emeritus Professor of Geophysics, University of Glasgow stated:

“Recent research [2] by Stanford University shows that these tiny tremors can be indicators of bigger quakes to follow – like canaries in a coal-mine. The problem for Cuadrilla is that if it carries on regardless, bigger earthquakes may well be triggered. To quote Cole Porter; “There may be trouble ahead”. Cuadrilla’s only safe option is to cease fracking.”

A spokesperson from Frack Free Lancashire stated:

“We will continue to monitor these events closely. Considering the relevant past history with the Fylde Coast’s geology and having two significant seismic events which effectively shut down the fracking industry, all eyes are currently on Cuadrilla. These events may be dismissed as being minor and “can’t be felt” but what occurs under the earth is beyond anyone’s control.”

–ENDS–

NOTES TO EDITOR

  1. British Geological Survey Earthquakes Around the British Isles in The Last 50 Days.
  2. Small quakes at fracking sites may indicate bigger tremors to come, say Stanford scientists
  3. Professor Smythe is available for interviews. Please contact Claire Stephenson for information.
  4. BGS table of earthquakes

Claire Stephenson claire@write-type.com

FRACKING INJUNCTION FAILS AT CUADRILLA SITE – MAJOR SAFETY ISSUES STILL UNADDRESSED

PRESS RELEASE

FRACK FREE LANCASHIRE

12 October 2018

For Immediate Release

A spokesman for Frack Free Lancashire today said:

“The court decision is hugely disappointing. Our local councillors have been demanding information about emergency procedures for months now and fracking is about to begin at the site.

“The case was all about the failure of Lancashire County Council to provide adequate Emergency Evacuation procedures, and have public consultation and communication into Civil Contingency plans in the event of an explosion or gas leak at the Preston New Road fracking site.

“Given that an emergency situation at the site could impact health, threaten natural resources, or require evacuation, and particularly with the close proximity of a number of schools, it is unthinkable that Lancashire County Council or our government should have considered allowing Cuadrilla to go ahead with fracking without the local community being fully aware of what would happen in the event of an accident on site.

“The recent pipeline explosion in British Columbia resulted in an evacuation zone extending over several kilometres – there were just 100 people in that area: in the equivalent zone near the PNR site there would be thousands if not tens of thousands

“Cuadrilla can now carry on regardless, ignoring the urgent warning issued this week by the IPCC about the need to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, but all of the fracking companies need to know that fracking will never get a foothold in the UK because they will meet resistance at every stage of their projects.”

ENDS

  1. For further information, please contact Frack Free Lancashire media team: admin@frackfreelancashire.org
  2. The Facebook event for a National Climate Crisis rally can be found here.
  3. In 2015, Lancashire County Council democratically refused planning permission for Cuadrilla’s application to carry out exploratory hydraulic fracturing at Preston New Road, on the Fylde Coast in Lancashire. Cuadrilla subsequently appealed to the Secretary of State, who in October 2016, controversially overturned the local council’s decision and gave Cuadrilla the go-ahead for planning permission.